Dec 1, 2010

World AIDS Day

   
Information from UNAIDS:
 
The Global AIDS Epidemic


*In 2009, there were 2.6 million [2.3 million–2.8 million] new infections, down from 3.1 million [2.9 million–3.4 million] in 1999.

*In 2009 there were 1.8 million [1.6 million–2.1 million] AIDS-related deaths, lower than the 2.1 million [1.9 million–2.3 million] in 2004.

*In 2009, some 33.3 million [31.4 million–35.3 million] people were living with HIV compared to 26.2 million [24.6 million–27.8 million] in 1999.

*In 2009, around 370 000 [230 000–510 000] children were born with HIV, bringing to 2.5 million [1.6 million–3.4 million] the total number of children under 15 living with HIV.

*The total number of children aged 0–17 years who have lost their parents due to HIV increased to 16.6 million [14.4 million–18.8 million] in 2009.

*Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV and nearly 30 million people have died of HIV-related causes.

*One in four AIDS deaths is caused by tuberculosis, a preventable and curable disease.

HIV Prevention

*New HIV infections have reduced by nearly 20% in the past 10 years. Among young people in 15 of the most severely affected countries, HIV prevalence has fallen by more than 25% as young people adopt safer sexual practices.

*The percentage of HIV-positive pregnant women who received treatment to prevent transmission of the virus to their child increased from 35% in 2007 to 53% in 2009.

*There are two new HIV infections for every one person starting HIV treatment. HIV treatment

*In 2009, 5.2 million people in low- and middle-income countries had access to antiretroviral treatment, up from 700 000 in 2004.

*In 2009, 700 000 people received antiretroviral treatment in high-income countries.

*There are 10 million people still in need of treatment who do not have access.

HIV Treatment

*In 2009, 5.2 million people in low- and middle-income countries had access to antiretroviral treatment, up from 700 000 in 2004.

*In 2009, 700 000 people received antiretroviral treatment in high-income countries.

*There are 10 million people still in need of treatment who do not have access.

Human Rights and Gender

*More than 90% of governments reported that they address stigma and discrimination in their HIV programmes, however, less than 50% costed or budgeted such programmes.

*Less than half of countries reporting have a budget for HIV programmes for women.

*Same sex relations are still criminalised in 79 countries and six apply the death penalty.

Resource Availability and Needs

*In 2009, US$ 15.9 billion was estimated to be available from all sources for HIV, US$ 10 billion short of the US$ 26.8 billion needed for HIV services in 2010.

*Donor government’s disbursements for the AIDS response in 2009 were US$ 7.6 billion, lower than the US$ 7.7 billion available in 2008.

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